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How Did The Muslim Trade Routes Affect The Development Of Agriculture?

Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs listed food, water, warmth, and the rest as Humans psychological needs. These psychological needs form the basic building block on which all other human needs depend on. Agriculture is the means through which food is produced for the populace. Man has continued to research means of improving agricultural yields.

How did Muslim trade routes affect the development of Agriculture? The trade-dependent economy of the Arab and Islamic world enabled them to introduce crops to other parts of the world where they conducted their businesses. The Muslim traders also introduced their superior farming implement, techniques, and irrigation to those regions.

What Agricultural benefits did the Muslim trade route introduce to their trade partners?

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The Medieval Muslim farming system was much better than that of the Christian dominated West and it remained so up until the 17th century.

The Islamic regions had advanced farming system knowledge that consisted of an irrigation system, best orchid, and vegetable garden practice in Medieval times, which was introduced to the west during their trade travel.

The Muslim traders introduced plants such as Citrus, cotton, carob, mulberry, sugar, dates and banana to their trade partners.

What was the Muslim trade routes?

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The Muslim trade route can be broadly classified into two, the Sea and Land trade routes.

The Sea trade route was through the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian ocean. The major land route was through the Silk Road that connected the Arabic peninsula to Asia, Africa, and Europe.

Their major trade partners were Medina, Cairo, Constantinople, Morocco, Baghdad, Cordoba, India, and Cairo.

Archeologists have stumbled upon Islamic coins in faraway China, Sweden, and Great Britain. This shows how far the Muslim traders went, in peddling their wares.

How did the Muslim trade routes develop?

Trading was a major source of livelihood of the Arabs in medieval times. Traders were respected people in the Arab community. In fact, the Prophet Muhammad who introduced Islam was a trader.

Trade routes were a common route passed by multitudes in order to reach their destination. One of the important Arab trade routes was in Northeastern Iran.

Following the death of Prophet Muhammad in 632 AD. The sea route was soon developed. There was a road network from the Red Sea and the Sea of Suez to the Mediterranean.

The Southern road network was developed which led from Adults in present-day Ethiopia to Aydhab and Quseir.

To enhance their sea trade network, the Muslim traders created colonies along the Indian coast.

What were the major trade items peddled by the Arab traders?

The Muslim traders dealt with a wide variety of goods. They exchanged Salts, textiles, and weapons for gold with the Africa merchants. Exchanged Coral Ivory and textiles for pepper, spices valued stone and ceramics in India and China.

With the Turkish and Jewish, the Muslim traders peddled war armaments, refined sugar, and pepper for gold.

Was Islam spread through the trade routes?

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Islam was a religion that started in the Arab kingdom and has spread around the whole world, while Religions like Hinduism, did not spread beyond India. The reason for this is simple. The  Muslim traders not only peddled their wares to their trade partners but also peddled their religion.

Muslim traders spread their religion far and wide in all the regions in which they traded. From West Africa to the far East in Malaysia, Indonesia, China, India, and Spain

Through propagation of the Islamic religion by Arab traders, they were able to form new allies and trade routes.

One of such is the conversion of most of the inhabitants of Turkey to Muslims in the tenth century. The Muslim traders used this to forge new trade routes to the growing Islamic empire.


The Muslim trade route did play an important role in the development of Agriculture along their trade routes. The Muslim trade routes were beneficial both to the Islamic regions and the regions they traded in.

The Muslim traders were able to introduce their superior agricultural skills to the far west; helping to increase the crop yield, agricultural practices, and production in the trade regions. The Islamic region, on the other hand, was able to propagate their religion, form new allies and expand their territory as far as Africa.