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Who Was Considered The Greatest Physician In The Muslim World?

Humans have always sought means of healing themselves and curing any disease that afflict them. Herbs were boiled in medieval time to cure diseases and afflictions, and a poultice was applied to soothe the sore, aching or lesioned part of their body. Shamen were often consulted too for sacrifices. We have come a long way since then. Drugs are being patented daily to treat ailments.

Who Is Considered To Be The Greatest Physician In The Muslim World? The greatest Physician In the Muslim World is Muhammed Ibn Zakariya Al Razi. Al Razi was the first man in history to document the reaction of the pupil of the eyes to light. He worked extensively on Measles and Smallpox, and He also discovered sulfuric acid, alcohol and its application in medicine. 

Picture of Who Was Considered The Greatest Physician In The Muslim WorldWho was Muhammed Al Razi?

Muhammad was born in 854 CE in Ray, Persia now present-day Iran. He was a musician and a money changer until he was in his thirties when He suddenly developed an interest in Medicine.

He went to Baghdad to study medicine at the local Bimaristan (hospital). He went on to become the greatest physicians in the Muslim world despite the medieval time in which he lived.

To pick a hospital location, Al Razi hung meat in different parts of the city and the location that took the meat the longest to rot was his final choice.

Al Razi spent his final years in his town Ray, battling with cataracts and then glaucoma before finally losing his sight. He sadly spent his later years battling with his blindness.

Al Razi died in Ray, Persia in 925 CE.

What was Al Razi’s contribution to the Medical World?[4]

The greatest contribution of Al Razi to the medical world has to be his emphasis on the patient-doctor relationship. Al Razi believed in seeking the opinion of the patient, and he stressed that a physician can convey healing and improved speed of recovery by the cheerful countenance and encouraging words.

Al Razi’s most important medical work was Kitab Al Hawi. This was a compilation of his medical notes, his thoughts and practiced amassed all through his medical life.

The most esteemed work of Al Razi is the monograph on smallpox and measles. His description of smallpox is still relevant in present-day medicine.

Al Razi discovered the distillation of alcohol and its importance in Medicine. He also discovered Sulphuric acid and its uses.

How did Medicine develop in the Muslim world?

The propagation, and growth of Islam in the seventh century brought with it a golden age of scientific discovery and innovations. Muslim doctors developed the ancient wisdom left by an ancient civilization and pushed medicine into new climes.

Muslim physicians were highly respected in the late Middle Ages, and they had a sterling reputation. The reputation was well deserved as the practice and study of medicine in the Muslim world spread to places such as present-day Iran and Spain.


Al Razi was a notable scholar of repute who came ahead of his time. He was able to achieve so much despite the rather short time frame of his practice and the constraint of living in medieval time. Though he is long gone, he left behind a legacy with continued relevance thousands of years after his existence.